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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

HISTORY AS A BRANCH DF LITERATURE

there were two kinds of history—that of the chronicler
and that, of the lawyer; and Pullen, the editor of a
vdlume of statutes, pointed out that the chroniclers
tended to be occupied with tales of war, while it was the
lawyers who made a profounder study of law and
government. From that time the kind of history which
we should call "narrative" developed through com-
pilations which it would be flattery to describe as
literature—works sometimes entitled " abridgements of
the chronicles "9 and formed by patching together
entries and extracts from a number of the ancient
writers. It was the other kind of history, however, the
lawyer's history, which proved to be the remarkable
stimulus for the future and the source of significant
change; for it brought about early in the seventeenth
century the first great development in historical science
in this country—the rise of what we call the Whig inter-
pretation. Even at the next great stage in the story of
English historical writing—the period after the Restora-
tion, when the reaction against Whig history came into
full swing—the chief representative of the new era,
Robert Brady, though he was one of the most remark-
able figures in the history of historical study in this
country, would hardly be described as a man of letters
even by the wildest lover of paradox. Recent work on
Robert Brady has shown, furthermore, that though he
far excelled the older legal writers in his analysis of not
merely law and government but also society, he failed to
incorporate this kind of analysis into the fabric of an
ordinary narrative. When he turned to write an actual
history of England he produced a work which was still

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